Environmental Protection in Energy Sector (AGH year 1)

Module description

During the course the students get fundamental knowledge on main components of the environment and their chemical composition. Biosphere, its role and range. The course gives the foundation to understanding of the behaviour and the migration of chemical substances in the environment, chemical correlations between main components of the environment and chemical cycles of elements. Groups of contaminants both organic and inorganic, main sources of their emission and chemical effects of their presence in the environment are discussed. Phenomena of acid rain, greenhouse effect, smog and ozone layer are presented. Hydrosphere. Water and aqueoussolutions. Composition of soil, sediments and atmosphere. Chemistry of bioprocesses like respiration and photosynthesis. Fuels and their sources. Environmental consequences of energy production and consumption. Noise and its limitations. Municipal and industrial sewage. Classification of fuels and energy resources. Biomass and its role in energy production. Nuclear power sources and their impact on environment. The methods of reduction of pollutants in energy sector. Particulate removal devices; primary and secondary methods of SO2 control; primary and secondary methods of NOx control. Water requirements for power stations. Water treatment for fossil fuel power generation. Waste water treatment. Solid waste created by power plants. Fly ash and its utilization.
During lectures industrially relevant cases are discussed. Problems are given to the students. The solutions are proposed by students and discussed during the lectures e.g. The company would like to install a modern DeSOx installation – they do not want, however, to build waste water treatment installation. Propose a solution in the group and discusses the research methods that should be used to solve the stated problem. . Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of student proposal.

Laboratory classes
During the course will cover the following topics research

1. Basic parameters of water analyses and standards for waters and sewage:
determination of nitrate (V), nitrate (III), phosphate (V),ammonium, Fe, carbon dioxide, ammonia. Total and carbonate hardness of water, pH. Comparison to environmental standards. Odour, Eh, electrical conductivity, oxygenation
2. Determination of ash content in selected grain classes of coal.
3. Heavy metals in environment: analysis of total mercury in wastes, dusts and fly
Study visit
1. Field trip to Electrical Power Plant
2. Field trip to Sewage Treatment Plant of Municipal Sewage and Water Company Preparation raport Part I (P-I).

Team building – The team should elect the leader of the group. Team leader identifies the task for each member of her/his team. The members are responsible for the tasks. The leader, apart from overseeing the task, undertakes also one task her/himself. One of the tasks for the leader is to organize a “brainstorming” – a discussion where all members of the group propose the solutions.

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