Diamond

Carbon dioxide mitigation technologies (AGH year 1)

Module description

Lectures
The purpose of this course is to discuss an important opportunity which we should consider as part of technological response, namely the capture and sequestration of CO2 from large stationary sources. The motivation for developing CO2 capture and sequestration technologies will be discussed and some background information provided, looking additionally at economics of this mitigation option. The major technological components will be discussed- capture technology, geological storage, and direct utilization. Particular attention will be paid to carbon dioxide direct utilization in chemical processes.
Options of CO2 reduction. The methods of separation of CO2 from combustion gases – the state-of-art and emerging technologies: chemical absorption, physical absorption, adsorption, cryogenic separation, membrane methods. Industrial examples of coalfired plants with CO2 capture. CO2 transport. CO2 storage: maturity of technologies. Dangers of storage. Direct and indirect industrial utilization of carbon dioxide. New technologies of CO2 chemical utilization under study.

Seminar classes
Students will be provided with related papers and books on the subject. Students will be required to prepare and deliver short writing and/or presentation on the subject of carbon capture technologies integrated with energy generation or technologies used for chemicals production. The following topics will be researched:
• Post – combustion technological concept of carbon dioxide capture; efficiency penalty; energy generation cost
• Pre – combustion technological concept of carbon dioxide capture; efficiency penalty; energy generation cost
• Oxy – combustion technological concept of carbon dioxide capture; efficiency penalty; energy generation cost
• Chemical use of carbon dioxide – polygeneration of energy and chemicals
• Carbon footprint of other coal conversion processes

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