Incineration power plant in Crakow
The Thermal Waste Treatment Plant in Cracow (eco-incinerator) was opened in June 2016. The installation enables management of municipal solid wastes generated by the inhabitants of Cracow and retrieval of the energy contained within. It allows processing of 220 thousand tons of wastes a year, generating as a result about 65 000 MWh of electricity and about 280 000 MWh of heat, which covers about 10% of overall annual needs for heat in the city. The plant is an admirable installation, meeting the highest environmental and legal standards applicable in the European Union. It is a solution that significantly increases energy security and is able to deal with many different load variations throughout the year. It can be viewed as a role model installation of waste management.
During the study visit, students had a chance to understand the principle of working of the Thermal Waste Treatment Plant in Cracow. For this reason, the students firstly watched a short movie describing the plant and then proceeded to look at the plant’s model where all the processes and their locations were explained. The main stages of waste management in Cracow’s plant are transportation of the wastes, wastes incineration, flue gases cleaning, electricity and heat generation and final disposal of wastes remaining after treatment. After this, we could experience all the mentioned facilities ourselves with the help of our guide.
For the power engineering related students, this visit was incredibly useful, as it showed the potential of thermal waste treatment in the most environmentally friendly way. It made the students realize how big of a problem municipal solid wastes are and in what way we can handle the troubles it generates.
How CFAFE students can use the knowledge gained during the training in their future professional life?
The knowledge about the modern Thermal Waste Treatment Plant in Cracow and solutions it incorporates makes it easier for students to understand the principles of this kind of waste management. This knowledge can be useful in future projects. Focusing on the environmental aspects of energy production from waste is essential in the up-to-date understanding of waste treatment.
Authors: CFAFE students: Karolina Serafin, Wiktoria Franiel